News from the National Academies http://www.nationalacademies.org en-us maintainer@nas.edu webmaster@nas.edu News from the National Academies http://www.nationalacademies.org/xpedio/groups/nasite/documents/webgraphics/na_069845.gif http://www.nationalacademies.org Free Software Tool Helps Prioritize Vaccine Development http://www.nap.edu/smartvaccines As infectious diseases emerge or re-emerge, new and improved vaccines are needed. The decisions about which vaccines should be developed first can affect millions of people's health, quality of life, and economic progress. Last year, the Institute of Medicine released version 1.0 of the Strategic Multi-Attribute Ranking Tool for Vaccines (SMART Vaccines), a software tool that allows those involved in vaccine research, development, and delivery to prioritize the vaccines most urgently needed in the U.S. and other countries. IOM in partnership with the National Academy of Engineering has updated SMART Vaccines and is releasing a new report that demonstrates its practical applications through case scenarios in collaboration with the Public Health Agency of Canada, New York State Department of Health, and the Serum Institute of India, and the Mexico Ministry of Health. Dec. 19, 2014 http://www.nap.edu/smartvaccines Symposium Brings Together Scientists From U.S., Arab Nations http://sites.nationalacademies.org/pga/dsc/AAFrontiers/index.htm Today marks the end of a three-day symposium in Muscat, Oman, where young scientists from the United States and Arab League countries shared research on a range of topics -- water reuse and desalination, hydraulic fracturing, and global food security, among others. The symposium was hosted by the Research Council of Oman and is part of the Arab-American Frontiers of Science, Engineering, and Medicine program, which was launched by the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine in 2011.The program brings together outstanding young scientists, engineers, and medical professionals from the U.S. and the 21 countries of the Arab League for a series of symposia where participants share their research, explore advances in their fields, and identify potential areas for collaboration. Learn more at the program's website or by watching a video about the initiative.
Dec. 15, 2014
http://sites.nationalacademies.org/pga/dsc/AAFrontiers/index.htm
Changes Needed to Improve the Experience of Postdoctoral Researchers http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=18982 A new report from the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine urges significant changes to improve the postdoctoral training system in the United States. The postdoctoral experience should be refocused to have training and mentoring at its center. In addition, the salaries of postdoctoral researchers should be increased to reflect more accurately the value of their training and contribution to research. Read More
Dec. 10, 2014
http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=18982
Winners of National Medals of Science, Technology Honored at Ceremony http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/11/20/president-obama-presents-national-medals-science-national-medals-technol President Obama today honored the new class of National Medal of Science and National Medal of Technology and Innovation winners, several of whom are members of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. These medals are the nation's highest honors for achievement and leadership in advancing the fields of science and technology. Read Oct. 3 announcement of winners 
Nov. 20, 2014
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/11/20/president-obama-presents-national-medals-science-national-medals-technol
U.S. and Indian Science Academies Examine Challenges Posed by Emerging Infections http://www.insaindia.org/indo_us_workshop.php This week the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the Indian National Science Academy are holding a three-day workshop in New Delhi to explore emerging infections, global health, and biological safety in the United States and India. In particular, the workshop will address challenges posed by infectious diseases, both within the countries and across national borders. The overall goals are to share challenges and lessons learned in these areas and to encourage collaborative partnerships among Indian and American scientists.
Nov. 19, 2014
http://www.insaindia.org/indo_us_workshop.php
Ebola Workshop Summarized in 10-Page Brief http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=19004 The Institute of Medicine and National Research Council today released a 10-page brief summarizing a workshop held on Nov. 3 that explored current knowledge of Ebola and priority research areas. Discussions took place at the event on observations and lessons from West Africa, transmission and routes of entry, survival and infectivity, personal protective equipment and behaviors, and waste handling and management. The brief recaps statements made by presenters or individual meeting participants. It does not necessarily represent the views of all meeting participants, the planning committee, the Institute of Medicine, or the National Research Council.
Nov. 14, 2014
http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=19004
Social and Behavioral Information for Electronic Health Records http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=18951 A new report from Institute of Medicine identifies 12 measures of social and behavioral information that should be included in all electronic health records (EHRs) to provide better patient care, improve population health, and enable more informative research. Four measures are already widely collected -- race/ethnicity, tobacco use, alcohol use, and residential address. The additional measures are education, financial resource strain, stress, depression, physical activity, social isolation, exposure to violence, and neighborhood median household income. While time will be needed to collect such data and act upon it, the committee that wrote the report concluded the health benefits of addressing these determinants outweigh the added burden to providers, patients, and health care systems.
Nov. 13, 2014
http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=18951
Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients Announced http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/11/10/president-obama-names-recipients-presidential-medal-freedom President Obama announced yesterday the names of 19 individuals who will receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom at a White House ceremony later this month. Among those to be honored is Mildred Dresselhaus, a member of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering and "one of the most prominent physicists, materials scientists, and electrical engineers of her generation," the White House said. Economist Robert Solow, a National Academy of Sciences member and Nobel laureate, will also receive this highest civilian honor, presented to individuals who have made especially meritorious contributions to the security or national interests of the United States, to world peace, or to cultural or other significant public or private endeavors. Read More
Nov. 11, 2014
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/11/10/president-obama-names-recipients-presidential-medal-freedom
Uganda Meeting Focuses on Ownership of Africa's Development Agenda, Marks Culmination of ASADI http://www.nationalacademies.org/asadi/ The 10th Annual Meeting of African Science Academies, hosted this year by the Uganda National Academy of Sciences, began today in Kampala. The conference's theme focuses on country ownership of Africa's post-2015 development agenda, a topic addressed in a new report from several African science academies released at the meeting. A mindset shift is needed, the report says, for countries to take greater ownership of development goals such as the Africa Union's Agenda 2063 and the U.N.'s planned Sustainable Development Goals. It recommends catalysts for giving all sectors of society in Africa a greater stake in and responsibility for the continent's development agenda. The annual meeting also marks the culmination of the 10-year African Science Academy Development Initiative, a partnership of the U.S. National Academies and several counterparts in Africa aimed at strengthening the capacity of the African academies to inform policymaking through evidence-based advice. This effort is evaluated in a new report from the InterAcademy Council, a multinational organization of the world's science academies, which drew on lessons learned during the initiative to make recommendations about the future shape of science academies in Africa.
Nov. 10, 2014
http://www.nationalacademies.org/asadi/